All you need to know about ENT


What exactly is ENT?

ENT is a medical specialty that deals with ear, nose, and throat problems, including diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Furthermore, they are trained to treat ENT-related conditions of the head and neck.

What are the abbreviations for ENT doctors?

Otologists/ENT Physicians are another name for ENT doctors. The majority of these specialists have specialized in one or more of the following sub-specialties:

  1. Pediatric Otolaryngology (ENT problems in children)
  2. Otology/Neurotology/audiology (Ears, balance, and tinnitus)
  3. Allergy
  4. Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery
  5. Head and neck surgery (Tumors of the head and neck)
  6. Laryngology (Throat, voice, and swallowing)
  7. Rhinology (Nose and sinus cavity)

If these doctors go on to receive additional training in the medical and surgical management of common problems such as dizziness, ear tumours, or hearing loss, they are known as otolaryngologists/ENT Surgeons.

When Should You See An ENT?

You should schedule an appointment with an ENT as soon as you notice any of the following signs or symptoms related to the ear, nose, or throat:


An ear disorder or condition that includes:

  • Impairment of hearing
  • Infections of the ears
  • Disorders that affect balance
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • An earache
  • Congenital ear disorders (diseases/disorders that are present at birth)


  • Changes in the smelling, breathing, or physical appearance of the nose.
  • Sinuses
  • Nasal cavity blockage.


Disorders or conditions affecting:

  • Singing
  • Eating
  • Swallowing
  • Digestion
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Overall, the following signs and symptoms should prompt you to schedule an appointment with an ENT specialist right away and have yourself thoroughly examined:

  1. Injury to your ears, nose, or throat
  2. Nerve problems in your ears, nose, or throat
  3. Balance problems
  4. Dizziness
  5. Hearing impairment
  6. Ear infection
  7. Tonsil or adenoid infection
  8. Swimmer’s ear
  9. Pain in your ears, nose, or throat
  10. Tinnitus
  11. Ear, nose, or throat birth defects
  12. Breathing problems
  13. Down’s syndrome
  14. Asthma
  15. Allergy
  16. Sinus problem
  17. Growth or tumour in your ears, nose, or throat
  18. Deviated septum
  19. The undesired appearance of the nose or face
  20. Cleft palate
  21. Drooping of the eyelids
  22. Hair loss
  23. Nose bleeds
  24. Nasal congestion
  25. Problems with smell
  26. Voice or swallowing problems
  27. Sore throat
  28. Hoarseness
  29. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

What are the ENT’s specialties?

ENT specialists also treat the following medical conditions and disorders:

  1. Adenoiditis
  2. Airway Stenosis
  3. Allergic Rhinitis
  4. Chronic Ear Disease
  5. Chronic Tonsillitis
  6. Cleft Palate/Cleft Lip
  7. Complex Airway Diseases (choanal atresia, airway tumours, masses)
  8. Ear Infections (otitis media) or Ear Tubes
  9. Facial Paralysis
  10. Feeding and Swallowing Disorders
  11. Food Allergies
  12. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  13. Head and Neck Masses
  14. Hearing Loss & Impairment
  15. Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (LPR)
  16. Laryngomalacia
  17. Lymphatic Malformations
  18. Nasal Deformities
  19. Nasal Obstruction
  20. Salivary Disease
  21. Sinus Disease
  22. Sleep Apnea
  23. Speech Disorders
  24. Stridor
  25. Thyroid Conditions
  26. Tongue Tie (Ankyloglossia)
  27. Tracheomalacia
  28. Vascular Malformations


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Jessica Doe

Hi, I am Jessica, Passionate about health and wellness ✍🌿 Sharing my thoughts and insights on all things related to the health niche. Join me on this journey towards a healthier lifestyle!